There are several causes of water damage to a house which can occur in many ways. Even the most solidly built and well-maintained home can be damaged by a violent force of nature, such as a flood, hurricane, tornado, or wildfire. In other situations, a water pipe may burst, or your hot water tank may break while you’re away on vacation and do serious water damage to your home and possessions. There’s no way to predict exactly how a water related damages might occur. But, it’s a constant possibility and fact-of-life for homeowners.
Different removal methods and measures are used depending on the category of water. Due to the destructive nature of water, water restoration methods also rely heavily on the amount of water, and on the amount of time the water has remained stagnant. Water related damages can be restored and can be performed by property management teams, building maintenance personnel, or by the homeowners themselves; however, contacting a certified professional water restoration specialist is often regarded as the safest way to restore water damaged property due to their training and extensive experience.
Categories of Water that Determine Method of Water Restoration
Category 1 water originates from a sanitary (clean) water source and does not pose substantial risk from dermal, ingestion, or inhalation exposure. (i.e., broken water supply lines; tub or sink overflows with no contaminants; appliance malfunctions involving water-supply lines; melting ice or snow; falling rainwater; broken toilet tanks, and toilet bowls that do not contain contaminants or additives).
Category 2 water contains significant contamination and has the potential to cause discomfort or sickness if contacted or consumed by humans. Category 2 water can contain potentially unsafe levels of microorganisms or nutrients for microorganisms, as well as other organic or inorganic matter (chemical or biological). (i.e., discharge from dishwashers or washing machines; overflows from washing machines; overflows from toilet bowls on the room side of the trap with some urine but no feces; seepage due tohydrostatic pressure; broken aquariums and punctured water beds).
Category 3 water is grossly contaminated and can contain pathogenic, toxigenic or other harmful agents. (i.e., sewage; toilet backflows that originate from beyond the toilet trap regardless of visible content or color; all forms of flooding from seawater; rising water from rivers or streams; and water entering or affecting the indoor environment, such as wind-driven rain from hurricanes, tropical storms, or other weather-related events that can carry contaminants (e.g., silt, organic matter, pesticides, heavy metals, regulated materials, or toxic organic substances).